Daughters of Sin

May 20th, 2019 | By | Category: Articles


The universal power of dominant feminine energy that our Stone Age ancestors revered as the Great Mother became split in two with the arrival of the patriarchal Bronze Age that followed. Mother Goddess nurtured and protected humanity who saw themselves as part of the fertile nature they existed in and not apart from it as we are today. When the goddess was cut in two, change and progress was born for humanity to deal with setting us on a path towards long-term settlement giving rise to farming and industry, city-states and nations. The primordial feminine force of the original goddess became the opposing forces of life and death, spring and autumn and above and below that the first city dwellers of Mesopotamia knew as Ishtar and Ereshkigal. The sisters dance to the rhythm of the heavens and the heartbeat of the Earth creating transformation in space through time giving reason to consciousness and the rebirth of the soul. Their constant movement affects our reality today as much as it did six thousand years ago when hunting and gathering gave way to a new world order of God’s, Kings, Priest. Merchants, artisans and warriors. To prop up the lifestyles of the most powerful families, a huge work force was necessary to farm, build and quarry made up of family units that were headed and controlled by husbands.





The goddess of love was a complicated energy, loving and kind one moment, hostile and vengeful the next. Treat her with reverence and she will look after you, upset her and she will destroy you. Her temper matched that of her brother in law, the Babylonian war god Nergal. Once, despite her many powers Ishtar could not remove an eagle and a serpent from nesting in a tree she wished to cut down to make a bed and a throne from its wood. King Gilgamesh came to her rescue and removed them for her. For refusing her advances Ishtar sent the rampaging ‘Bull of Heaven’ to wreak havoc in the desert kingdom of Gilgamesh. Catastrophe was averted by the bravery of the king’s ‘heaven sent’ friend Enkidu. Ishtar is best known for her role as a love goddess. She dared to face up to her sister Ereshkigal to secure the release of her greatest love, her husband Tammuz with whom she ensured the fruits of nature would continue to be fertile and abundant.

With the rise of the Greek empire after more than two thousand years of Babylonian domination over the civilised world began to wane, Ishtar took on the role of Aphrodite, a fresher, sweeter and less angry goddess of love. Ishtar/Aphrodite was known as Venus by the Romans after the planet that maps out the pentagram in the night sky every forty years. Venus was the ‘Morning Star’, revealing herself at dawn before the sunrise. She heralded in the morning sun and was known as the ‘Light Bringer’ or Lucifer.




While Ishtar looked after the living, Ereshkigal ruled over the dead souls that arrived into her subterranean realm after the death of the physical body, the ‘suit’ that the ‘spark’ of the universe has to wear to be able to exist in the physical world. With her husband Nergal, the goddess of death ruled the ‘Netherworld’ with no regard for her inhabitants according to clay cuneiform tablets discovered across Mesopotamia in the mid nineteenth Century. Seven great walls separated the world of the living and the realm of the dead. Guarded gates at each wall allowed visitors to descend to the underworld, a one-way journey for most that wished to visit their ancestors.

With the rise of the Greek empire, the rule of the underworld was given to Hades, the elder brother of Zeus. Hades kidnapped the beautiful young Persephone and made her his queen. Where Ishtar was seen as the ‘Morning Star’, Ereshkigal was recognised as the ‘Evening Star’ when Venus was seen in the heavens at dusk to herald in the darkness of night. She was the ‘Dark Bringer’ or ‘Light Banisher’.



The Collins English Dictionary describes ‘Sin’ as (a) a transgression of God’s will, (b) any serious offence against a religious or moral principle, (c) any offence against a principle or standard. The Sin in question here is none of the above but the Babylonian Moon God and father of Ishtar and Ereshkigal and their brother the Sun God Shamash. Sin’s father was the Sky God Enlil who was the eldest son of Anu, the God of Heaven who was the king of all the gods and goddesses that the Babylonians called ‘Anunnaki’, which means ‘those from heaven that came to Earth’.




After Enki, the Lord of the Earth and his brother Enlil, the Lord of the Air, the Sun God Shamash reigned supreme over the Anunnaki. He ensured the continued fertility of humanity and nature with his sisters Ishtar and Ereshkigal. Shamash was the light in the darkness and the warmth in the cold. Shamash was the god that kings and their subjects prayed to for guidance and help in their daily lives. When Enkidu, the supernatural friend of Gilgamesh was caught snooping around in Ereshkigal’s dark domain he was held captive until Shamash created a crack in the ground so that the spirit of Enkidu could escape back to the land of the living.

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